Given that the circulation of the Earth Epic Calendar is still relatively low, I wanted to make the biggest changes to the calendar design and setup since I first started posting about this calendar in 11718 EE (2018 CE).
A 15° adjustment
The biggest change that you will notice is that the solstices and equinoxes mark not the beginning of the quarters but the middle of the quarters. This makes the indicators of South, East, North, and West more accurate.
With the old design of the calendar, the first day of Southlight represented the southernmost orientation of the sun relative to the Earth. But then the March Equinox occurred before the last day of Southlight, because of the Northern Hemisphere winter/Southern Hemisphere summer being the shortest season of the year with 88 days.
Under the new system, the solstices and the equinoxes are in the middle of the quarter. And astronomically, the New Year starts at the midnight closest to when the Sun enters 15° Scorpio from the viewpoint of Earth. This means that the New Year starts on November 7 or November 8 (but on rare occasions November 6 or November 9). Basically, the New Year and Southlight starts at the halfway point between the September Solstice and the December Equinox.
This means that the Sun’s light will be (with a few exceptions) focused on the southernmost part of the Earth. This quarter wil have the shortest days pf the year in the Northern Hemisphere and the longest days in the Southern Hemisphere. Therefore, this quarter can truly be called Southlight.
But what is 15° Scorpio? If you divide the year and the planetary plane into the twelve Zodiac signs, 0° Capricorn is when the Southern Solstice occurs. 0° Libra is when the September Equinox occurs. Each sign occupies 30° of the Zodiac, and the signs between the September Equinox and December Solstice are Libra, Scorpio and Saggitarius. So 15° Scorpio means 15° into the sign of Scorpio, which is halfway through Scorpio.
The names of the quarters have slightly changed, too. Southlight and Northlight retain their names because they reference the times of the year that the Sun is the furthest south and north. But I’ve changed the quarters associated with the equinoxes to Eastcrossing and Westcrossing, because those are the times when the Sun, relative to the Earth, crosses the Equator.
It’s worth noting that not all of the world celebrates its changes of the seasons at the solstices and equinoxes. In the eastern half of Asia, they are celebrated at the cross-quarters–the halfway point between the solstices and equinoxes. Ireland’s traditional seasons are about a week before the cross-quarters, though I haven’t yet seen evidence that the ancient Celts actually calculated the cross-quarters.
Twenty-nine and a half days hath September…
I have always felt that local cultures should choose the names for the quarters and moons. For that reason, up until recently, I have simply numbered the moons. There are so many names for the moons that numbering just seemed easier. But now that I’ve moved back the New Year roughly 45 days, it made more sense to assign names to them.
The problem was that so many of the names of the moons were seasonally based. I simply couldn’t find names that were season neutral. Then I thought about it some more, and I thought–why not the traditional months of the year that have stuck with us from the early Roman calendar to the present.
I have always crafted with this calendar with the sincere intention of this calendar being widely adopted. I recognize that this is an uphill battle, and whatever happen will happen. But as I was thinking of possible names for the moons, it dawned on me that people might not want to let go of the names of the Gregorian months. They are a more precise way of describing the year than the quarters, even if the quarters divide the year more precisely than in the Gregorian calendar.
Even better, these Gregorian names are hemisphere-neutral. July in the middle latitudes of the Northern Hemisphere represents hot temperatures, whereas July in Antarctica represents the coldest temperatures of the year.
Because of the difference of length between a lunar month and a solar month, these names aren’t going to quite correspond with the Gregorian month. Some years are going to have thirteen lunar months falling within them while others will have twelve. To distinguish them from Gregorian months, they will have names like “December Moon,” “August Moon,” and yes, there will even be the occasional “Blue Moon.”
Calendar for 11722 available in August
Starting August, I will be making available the calendar for 11722 EE. It will feature the last quarter of 11721 and the four quarters for the new year which this year starts November 7, 2021 CE. You will be able to buy calendar downloads from here as well as printed paper calendars, and I am considering making an Etsy store available as well. You will also be able to have free calendars downloadable to your Google or apple calendars, as well as any other calendar that uses .ics pages.
Keep checking this space for updates.