[calendar id=”421″]

Earth and human history on Earth Epic Calendar

Earth History

Event Eon Genesis Age Century Year
Creation of the Universe -37
Formation of the Earth 0
Formation of the Moon 0 93
End of the Late Heavy Bombardment, First life—prokaryotes 2
First Photosynthesis 5 36
Atmosphere becomes oxygen-rich—first “Snowball Earth” 9
First Eukaryotes 9 31
Formation of the supercontinent Rodinia 13 76
First multicellular organisms 14 46
Breakup of supercontinent Rodinia 14 96
“Snowball earth” severe enough that bottoms of oceans might have frozen 15 24
First great extinction (Ordivician-Silurian) 15 34
Another “Snowball earth” 15 62
Start of Cambrian explosion 16 04
First land based plants 16 24
Evolution of trees 16 62
First predecessors of amphibians move from water to land 16 64
Second Great Extinction (Late Devonian) 16 66
First plants to evolve seeds, which greatly expanded the number of plants 16 72
First reptiles 16 92
Formation of Pangaea continent 17 00
Third Great Extinction (Permian-Triassic—most severe ever) 17 15
First non-avian dinosaurs 17 24
Fourth Great Extinction (Triassic-Jurassic) 17 35
Breakup of Pangaea continent 17 50
Earliest mammals 17 52
Fifth Great Extinction—including non-avian dinosaurs 17 89
First true primates 17 93
First stone tools 18 14 98
Homo habilis 18 15 00
Beginning of Pleistocene, period of repeated Ice Ages 18 15 12
Homo erectus 18 15 72
Rise of Neanderthals 18 15 96
Homo sapiens 18 16 04
Extinction of Neanderthals 18 16 11
End of last glaciation, beginning of Holocene, 9701 BCE 18 16 12 0 0

Human history:

Event Gregorian calendar ISO 8601 PE Century:Year
Approximate beginning of the Holocene (Eon 18, Genesis 16, Age 12) 9701 BC -9700 0.000
First building phase of Gobleki Tepe—oldest religious site discovered c 9500 BC -9500 0.200
Earliest known walled city (Jericho), first evidence of domesticated sheep in Iraq c 9000 BC -9000 0/700
First evidence of harvesting of wild wheat, invention of boats, domesticated dogs c 8500 BC -8500 1.200
First copper found in Middle East – beginning of Copper Age C 6000 BC -6000 3.700
Date of creation of the Earth per the Byzantine Calendar 5509 BC -5508 4.192
Rice cultivated in China, Maize cultivated in Mexico c 5000 BC -5000 4.700
Start of Sumerian civilization c 5000 BC -5000 4.700
Start of the Julian date (JD) at January 1, Greenwich noon, Julian proleptic calendar 4713 BC -4712 4.988
Begin of Anno Mundi in the Jewish calendar 3761 BC -3760 5.940
Appearance of Minoan civilization on Crete C 3650 BC -3650 6.050
Cuneiform—one of the first forms of writing—invented in Sumer C 3400 BC -3400 6.300
Start date of Maya calendar, August 11 3114 BC -3113 6.687
Reported birth of Krishna 3112 BC -3111 6.589
Pharao Narmer/Menes unifies Egypt 3085 BC -3084 6.616
Beginning of Indus Valley Civilization 3000 BC -2999 6.701
Beginning of the construction of Stonehenge C 2750 BC -2750 6.950
Start of Regency of Pharaoh Djoser, Building of the first pyramid 2720 BC -2719 6.981
Xia dynasty, first China dynasty c 2070 BC -2070 7.630
Reported birth of Abraham 1813 BC -1812 7.888
Birth of Hammurabi 1810 BC -1810 7.890
Begin of the Reign of Akhenaten 1379 BC -1378 8.322
Reported departure of Israelites from Egypt c 1300 BC -1300 8.400
Begin of the first Olympiad 776 BC -775 8.925
Legendary Founding of Rome, Start of ab urbe condita 753 BC -752 8.948
Birth of Confucius 551 BC -550 9.150
Estimated death of Gautama Buddha, 487 BC -486 9.214
Death of Alexander the Great in Babylon 323 BC -322 9.378
Founding of the Imperial China by the Qin dynasty 221 BC -220 9.480
Introduction of the Julian calendar 45 BC -44 9.656
Possible date of the Birth of Jesus 3 BC -2 9.698
Year Zero at ISO 8601 1 BC 0 9.700
Begin of the Vulgar Era Anno Salutis 1 AD 1 9.701
Possible year of Jesus’ crucifixion 30 AD 30 9.730
Roman Emperor Constantine convenes First Council of Nicaea, establishes institutional church 325 AD 325 10.025
Fall of Rome 476 AD 476 10.176
Migration of Muhammad from Mecca to Medina (Hijrah), Begin of the Islamic calendar 622 AD 622 10.322
Coronation of Charlemagne 800 AD 800 10.500
Norman Invasion of England 1066 AD 1066 10.766
Birth of Genghis Khan 1162 AD 1162 10.862
Signing of Magna Carta 1215 AD 1215 10.915
Beginning of Black Death that decimated Europe 1340 AD 1340 11.040
Fall of Constantinople 1453 AD 1453 11.153
Voyages of Christopher Columbus 1492 AD 1492 11.192
Beginning of trans-Atlantic Slave Trade 1526 AD 1526 11.226
Introduction of the Gregorian calendar 1582 AD 1582 11.282
Bacon’s Rebellion that led to the hardening of “racial” divides and stripping of rights from African-Americans 1676 AD 1676 11.376
Use of coal for smelting metals developed 1678 AD 1678 11.478
United States Constitution signed 1787 AD 1787 11.487
Storming of the Bastille begins the French Revolution 1789 AD 1789 11.489
Battle of Waterloo 1815 AD 1815 11.515
Birth of Petroleum Industry 1848 AD 1848 11.548
American Civil War 1861 AD 1861 11.561
Start of Second Industrial Revolution C 1870 AD 1870 11.570
Birth of Automobile 1886 AD 1886 11.586
Invention and first flight of the airplane 1903 AD 1903 11.603
Sinking of the RMS Titanic; Xinhai Revolution in China 1912 AD 1912 11.612
Beginning of World War I 1914 AD 1914 11.614
February and October Revolutions in Russia 1917 AD 1917 11.617
Foundation of the Irish Free State and Independence of Egypt 1922 AD 1922 11.622
The beginning of World War II 1939 AD 1939 11.639
Explosion of the atomic bombs over Hiroshima and Nagasaki 1945 AD 1945 11.645
Commencement date of Before Present 1950 AD 1950 11.650
Cuban Missile Crisis 1962 AD 1962 11.662
Summer of Love – explosion of the hippie and anti-war movements 1967 AD 1967 11.667
First human Moon landing 1969 AD 1969 11.669
The revolutions of Eastern Europe 1989 AD 1989 11.689
The collapse of the Soviet Union 1991 AD 1991 11.691
September 11, 2001 attacks, beginning of two decades of Middle East destabilization 2001 AD 2001 11.701
Election of Donald Trump as U.S. President 2016 AD 2016 11.716
First year of 22nd century CE, second year of Century 118 EC 2101 AD 2101 11.801
End of 23rd century CE, beginning of Century 120 EC 2300 AD 2300 12.000
First year of 30th century CE, second year of Century 127 EC 3001 AD 3001 12.701
First year of 100th century CE, second year of Century 197 EC 10,001 AD 10001 19.701
End of 103rd century CE, beginning of Century 200 EC 10,300 AD 10300 20.000
End of current Age 12, Century 249; eve of Age 13, Century 0 15,299 AD 15299 24.999