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The third number in the Epic Time Scale (the longest units of time that appear in parentheses) is the Epoch, or calendar age.

The unit “Epoch” is the second smallest unit of measurement in the Geological Time Scale (GTS), (used by scientists and based on stratigraphy, not time) ranging in length from about 11,700 to a little under 18 million years.

The Earth Epic Calendar establishes its Epoch unit (or Calendar Epoch) as 25 millenia or 25,000 years. One hundred of these make up a Genesis.

It’s between the Epoch and the Millenium that the Earth Epic Calendar breaks the pattern of every unit differing from each other by a factor of one hundred—here the factor is 25.

Why not set the Epoch at 10,000 years, and make the Genesis one million years and the Eon one hundred million years?

One big reason is that length of the Genesis and Eon coincide with the rise of the genus Homo and the rise of the dinosaurs. Setting calendar intervals related to these two events helps us better understand the history of our earth. Coincidentally, the factor between these two events is a factor of one hundred.

Another coincidence is that the length of an Epoch, 25,000 years, is quite close to another interesting Earth cycle known as the the axial precession. This cycle is a rotation of the tilt of the Earth that makes it appear from our planet that the universe, as seen from Earth, is rotating backwards through the constellations. There is much talk right now among astrologers about the Earth apparently moving from the Age of Pisces to the Age of Aquarius. The axial precession—currently estimated to be about 25,772 years in length but which has been slowly growing longer—is the length of time the Earth would appear to pass through the ages of all twelve signs of the zodiac. (The Axial Precession will grow longer as the Moon orbits further and further from the Earth.  In 1.5 billion years the Axial Precession will be about 49,000 years long and in 2 billion years, the Axial Precession will be about 69,000 years long.  This variability is why Earth Epic Calendar doesn’t use the length of the Axial Precession itself as a unit of time.)

Since the accuracy of the earth’s age has a margin of error of plus or minus 40 million years, we can also set Epoch 0 of the current genesis where we deem it appropriate. The Earth Epic Calendar sets Epoch 0 of Genesis 16 at roughly 300,000 years ago, which is the oldest estimate of when Homo Sapiens is believed to have first evolved. That would put us in the midst of Epoch 12.  So, the Epic Time Scale puts us in Eon 18, Genesis 16, Epoch 12.

An implication of this dating is that just 12% of the span of the genus Homo includes Homo Sapiens. That means that for about 88% of the time that Homo has walked the Earth, Homo Sapiens has not existed.

While this means that the previous Genesis–Genesis 15–began before a commonly estimated evolutionary point for Homo, there are some estimates that push the evolution of Homo back to 2.8 million years ago, or even before 3 million years ago. Even if that is not the case, it has been established that the predecessor to Homo, Australopithecus, was using stone tools going back between 2.8 and 3.5 million years ago.

Once again, the Earth Epic Calendar tells us a lot about our Earth history, and the history of humans.

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